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"Love is not patronizing and charity isn't about pity, it is about love. Charity and love are the same -- with charity you give love, so don't just give money but reach your hand instead". - Mother Teresa
This is what exactly an NGO can do to our society, to our nation, to the world. In spite of the major contributions done, we believe there is always a room for improvement. In India, we have a numbers of NGOs working for the social cause, but still, we need more invisible hands to act upon.
First of all, let us work upon the statement "How can an NGO be a part in making a better society"? It is requisite to catch out the root cause for the society leading it towards its sluggishness. All the problems are interconnected to one another.
NGO’S HANDS WORKING FOR MITIGATING POVERTY
United nation development programme has measured world poverty using its HUMAN POVERTY INDEX (HPI). The HPI defined poverty as those making less than $1.25 a day, a measurement used by WORLD BANK.
Poverty in India is a historical reality. According to GLOBAL WEALTH REPORT 2016 compiled by Credit Suisse Research Institute, India is the 2nd most unequal country in the world with the top 1% of the population owning nearly 60% of the total wealth.
Causes of vicious cycle of poverty- low productivity, low salary, poor infrastructure and governance, business failure, ignorance, lack of skills and technology, unhealthiness, no ongoing education, unemployment.
BASIC SUPPORT TO VERY POOR CHILDREN AND PARENTS
|1.||Improvement in TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) program to ensure that families have access to assistance when they badly need it <strong>(According to their caseloads).|
|2.||Creation of a new program to reduce their disabilities like tailored services to help these parents surmount the formidable barriers to employment they face.|
|3.||Unemployment insurance system to ensure that lower wage workers have access to unemployment benefits during the jobless periods.|
EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS: - Very poor families are the heterogeneous group. Some parents have work experience but don’t possess vocational training and academic credentials.
"The value of a college education is not the learning of many facts but the training of the mind to think." - Albert Einstein
Suggested also SUPPORT WORK FOR LOW INCOME PEOPLE WITH SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGES
Some models can be incorporated to help them in attaining academic credentials from community colleges and promising strategies to help them with serious barriers in employment. HOUSING ASSISTANCE should be provided by stabilizing family housing to lift families out of deep poverty.
Image source: gao.gov.
Expand the housing choice voucher program (sometimes referred to as the section 8 voucher program or the tenant-based voucher program) to cover significantly larger share of the eligible households.
MAKING WORK PAY AND BOOSTING OPPORTUNITY
|Affordable secondary education for low income student.|
|Help low income working parents afford child care.|
ADDRESSING ELDERLY POVERTY
|Social security benefits for low income seniors.|
|Reducing out-of-pocket health care costs for income seniors.|
(Insights taken from Sharon Parrott paper)
PROBLEMS PERSEVERING FOR UNDERPRIVILEGED PEOPLE
In the book- JEOPARDY: Can We Break the Cycle of Poverty, IRVING B. HARRIS discusses ways in which children can be helped to begin breaking the cycle of poverty.
India is home to over 30% of almost 385 million children living in extreme poverty, the highest in south Asia, according to a new report by WORLD BANK GROUP and UNICEF, ending poverty.
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People get their girls married at very early age which hamper their studies
NGO can help in discouraging teenage pregnancy and finding ways to decrease this so that when children are born (especially girls), they can have a better chance at breaking the cycle of poverty.
Fewer low-income children have access to quality early childhood education, so they enter kindergarten lacking basic skills such as letter recognition and counting skills.
NGO can center on basic skills especially in rural areas prior to their prep education. Study after study shows that low-income children enter school having heard 30 million fewer words spoken than their middle-class peers. A limited vocabulary makes it difficult to learn to read when children have never been exposed to the words. NGOs can foster the growth in underrated areas by appointing better qualified staffs in schools.
Children from low-income families may not consult the doctor often. So vision problems, dental problems and mental health issues do not get addressed as quickly and make it harder for children to learn.
NGO can contribute through the provision of free routine health checkups, and even promote cleanliness drives so as to prevent reoccurring health problems.
Many children from poor backgrounds have the additional problem that they and their parents are not fluent in English, which is now considered as a global language.
More English speaking courses should be emphasized to make them able to compete and survive in this fast moving world.
Children from low-income family often do not get enrichment opportunities their peers have such as music, dance, art or sports lessons and trips to museums, historical site and other places.
This is really an important issue neglected for a long haul. NGO can provide positive instincts for the talents cast aside.
Global Monitoring Report (GMR) released worldwide by the UNESCO acknowledges the headway made by India in improving access to education but population of the country of illiterate adults has been identified as the drag factor.
India currently has the largest population of illiterate adults in the world, 287 million. This is 37% of global total. While India’s literacy rate rose from 48% in 1991 to 63% in 2006, population growth cancelled the gains so there was no change in the number of illiterate adults.
Girl education is still an evolving issue especially in backward areas. Data from a forthcoming paper suggest that in 24 low-income countries, only 34% girls in the poorest 20% of households complete primary school, compared with 72% of girls in the richest 20% of households. These income-related gaps can be reduced through intervention to reduce the cost of schooling for girls, such as conditional cash transfers
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Girl education can be promoted through more anganvadi centers after marriage education
Providing financial assistance for education to poorer section of society is also an effective means.
Like a popular saying
You educate a man
You educate a man
You educate a woman
You educate a generation
A NEW CONCEPT CAN BE USEFUL IN THIS REGARD. NGO CAN START JOB-ORIENTED FEESTRUCTURE SCHOOLING, which provides free of cost education and charging fee similarly, (like 10% of the salary earned by the concerned students in future), which would be agreement based.
Door to door educational promotion events in overlooked areas should be enforced, because in some areas, illiteracy may persist till generations to come because of illiterate family backgrounds.
These are the measures that an NGO can undertake to make a better citizen for better society.